The Sambalpuri Script

A Aw B C D E F Fw G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v
The Sambalpuri Script ( səmbəlpuri lipi)is a Brahmic script used to write primarily Sambalpuri language which also known as Samalpuri language of historical Hirakhand state. The script is invented in the year 2005 by Hemakanta Sahu, a government school teacher in profession as well as a linguistic researcher.....

About Sambalpuri Script

Sambalpuri script is a syllabic alphabet or an abugida where in all consonants have an inherent vowel embedded within. Diacrities (which can appeared above, below, after the consonant they belong to ) are used to change the form of the inherent vowel. When vowels appear at the beginning of syllable , they written as independent letter. And also when certain consonant occure together special conjunct symbols are used to combined the essential parts of each consont symbols .

Other charcteristics are as follows:

  • It is an alphabetic script.
  • Its writting system is top to bootom and left to right direction.
  • It is invented in the priciple of one symbol for one one sound and the same sound should be always represented by the same symbol. This will make it easier to student to learn the symbols and value of the sounds they stands for. So one can write easily what one articulate and later on one can read perfectly that writtings.

A main characteristic of the Sambalpuri language seen in the script is the retention of inherent vowel in consonants also known as schwa at medial and in rare cases at final positions. The absence of schwa deletion which is also seen in Sanskrit, marks it from the resrt of modern Indo-Aryan languages and their equivalent usage i related Brahmic script. The absence of inherent vowel in the conbsonant is marked by a virama or halant sign below the consonant.

  • It is beautiful and space - friendly partially based on Brahmic script which can be written with a good speed because the maximum number of letters written in a single stroke
  • It is easy to learn (already proved).
  • Its alphabet is scientifically well arranged
  • It is created with Indian linguistic and Indian graphology
  • It is more scientific than other script
More Details

The Inventor of Sambalpuri Script

The script is invented in the year 2005 by Hemakanta Sahu, a government school teacher in profession as well as a linguistic researcher . He started the invention process in 1998 and after a number of experiments it was came in complete book form with a complete set of alphabet, numerical, symbols, and sufficient pure Sambalpuri vocabularies . The first book “hεmə bərən ɖəɳhia” (the first primer in this script)

Hemakanta Sahu

Linguistic Researcher & Inventor of Sambalpuri Script

Sambalpuri Bhasa Akademi, Sambalpur, India

hεmə bərən ɖəɳhia

First Book of Sambalpuri Script

Sambalpuri Bhasa Akademi, Sambalpur

Alphabets of Sambalpuri language

Sambalpuri is an alphasyllabic alphabet or an abugida wherein all consonants have an inherent vowel embedded within. Diacritics (which can appear above,below or after the consonant they belong to) are used to change the form of the inherent vowel. When vowels appear at the beginning of a syllable, they are written as independed letters. When certain consonnts occur together. Special conjunct symbols are used to combine the essential parts of each consonant symbol.
There are 7 indigenous vowels, 3 dipthongs and 36 consonants with Visarga, Chandrabindu and Halant sign.

  • 01 Sambalpuri Vowels (sor/swər bərən)
    A Aw B C D E F Fw G H
    There are 7 indigenous vowels, 3 dipthongs and 36 consonants with Visarga, Chandrabindu and Halant sign.
  • I J K L M N O P Q R
    S T U V W X Y Z a b
    c d e f g h i j k l m
    q r s t u

    There are two categories of consonant letters(bjənʤən bərən)are defined in Sambalpuri: i) the structured consonants (bəkhria bjənʤən) and ii) the unstructured consonants (əbəkhria bjənʤən). There are 25 structured consonants and 11 unstructured consonants in Sambalpuri script.

  • n o p v w

    There are other symbols which are under development along with the digitization of the script, soon it will be updated here.


Celebration of Sambalpuri Day
1st August

August 01 marks the ‘Sambalpuri Day’ in western Odisha. The most social celebration, Sambalpuri day is commended as a paddy harvest festival that ordinarily happens in the months of August. Aside from this, the birth commemoration of writer Satyanarayan Bohidar is celebrated on 1st August. Bohidar was a teacher in the Chandrasekhar Behera Zilla School and had written many popular poems in Sambalpuri language.

The festival is celebrated by the individuals of Western Odisha. People commend this dining experience, by singing and on this day. The locals are seen beautifully adorned in Sambalpuri clothing. Fundamentally, the principle intention to praise this culture, language, convention, culture is to make the new age individuals think about the way of life.

Other Sambalpuri Festivals

Sambalpuris will provide you insights on a culture that is vibrant and delightful. The culture can be considered distinctive in the language, songs, dance and clothing that forms a part of the culture especially the ones that mark the festivities of Sambalpur. Festivals Celebrated in Sambalpur All the festivals that mark India on the global celebration map are part of the Sambalpuri culture too. But, there are some festivals that are unique to the culture and traditions of Sambalpur.

Nuakhai Festival

Agriculture is the main source of income in Sambalpur. For most of the Sambalpuris, the agricultural produce runs their family and homes. Paddy is a major crop in the north eastern and eastern part of India. Sambalpur is no different in this case. Nuakhai is termed as one of the most important festivals in Sambalpur. One can see the importance from both social and economic point of view. This festival is celebrated in Sambalpur during the months of Monsoon, generally the months August and September which are considered peak for monsoon

SitalSasthi Carnival

SitalSasthi is one of the most celebrated festivals which is unique to Sambalpuris. This festival is celebrated to commemorate the marriage ceremony of Lord Shiva to Goddess Parvati. This is generally celebrated across an entire week. The festival is celebrated in the month of June, almost marking the beginning of monsoon in this region. During the celebrations of this festival, pomp and joy booms across the town of Sambalpur. This festival has been celebrated in Sambalpur for more than 100 years now, and people from across India join in during the festivities

Bhai Juntia Festival

Navratri is a common tradition in most parts of India. It is celebrated in various ways in the different cultures of India. In Sambalpur, the Goddess worshipped during this festival is Goddess Durga. As part of the nine days festivities. Ashtami is considered to be the most important day for the ladies of Sambalpur. On this day, the ladies of this region celebrate BhaiJuntia, girls, and married women; observe a fast for the whole day. This fast is observed for the well-being and long life of their brothers. This is considered to be a day of great devotion, and is celebrated along western Odisha.

Pua Jiuntia

Puo Juntia is basically a dedicated puja performed to Sasthi Devi also known as DutibahanaOsha. Generally mothers observe this fast for the well-being and long life of their sons. A cotton lace is offered to the God. This lace is then worn by the sons who were blessed by their mothers through this fast. The next day, the mothers go to a nearby pond or river, and perform certain rites there. After the rituals are completed at the river side, the mothers return to perform certain rituals at their home. This ritual conducted at home where they place some offerings on behalf of their sons is known is Bandeibaa.

FAQs about Sambalpuri language

Sambalpuri Language is spoken by a large community of people mostly located at Western part of Odisha State. The Script was developed to mark and recognize the emotonal aspect of a community

Hirakhand Software

Hirakhand is a distributable free Software Application with Public Liscence for Windows OS. The application is developed by Arshia Infotech Inc. The Software enable the users to type in the Sambalpuri Language using its own Sambalpuri Script and can be used in all other publishing, print and visual media production applications such as MS Word, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Premier, Edius, FCP etc.

Photo Gallery

Western Odisha or the western part of Odisha, India, extending from the Bolangir district in the south to the Sundargarh district in the north. It is culturally influenced by several different cults and religions. Its history dates back to the Mahabharat and Buddhist period. Folk songs and dances of this area have been revived and recognized during the last quarter century, including Danda (Danda Yatra and Danda Nata), which is considered to be one of the oldest forms of variety entertainment in India, to the modern "Krushnaguru Bhajan", a type of folk lyrics and songs. Sambalpuri language songs are quite popular throughout Odisha. Some hits include Rangabati, Ekda Ekda, Dalkhai, and Panbala Babu.

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